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Injectable silicone-based gingival mask technique : Transferring the emergence profile of multiple implant restoration
Ryan Tak On Tse, BDS, MSc and Baldwin W. Marchack, DDS, MBA

Injectable silicone-based gingival mask technique : Transferring the emergence profile of multiple implant restoration


Interim implant-supported restorations play an important role in achieving the desired esthetic outcome and long-term success of implant prostheses.1-2 The initial interim restoration is made from a conventional implant level impression, which is then modified to sculpt the gingival contour. Additional material is added to mold the papillae and gingival margins and recreate the natural gingival architecture. An appropriate impression technique is essential for an accurate transfer of the peri-implant emergence profile to the definitive cast.3-4

Two different techniques have been described to transfer the emergence profile from the patient’s mouth to the definitive cast. The indirect technique5-9 uses a custom impression coping to copy the peri-implant emergence profile. A standard impression coping is modified by filling the space with autopolymerizing or light-polymerizing resin between the impression coping and the submarginal emergence profile as outlined by a silicone matrix. This technique can transfer the emergence profile from the patient’s mouth to the definitive cast with high precision. However, the technique is time consuming and only suitable for a single implant. For multiple implant restorations with pontic site development, this technique is complex, as the subgingival emergence profile of several implant abutments and the pontic area need to be replicated. The custom impression copings must be splinted to accurately transfer the position of the implants. A  disadvantage of the indirect technique is that the peri-implant soft tissue will collapse during the fabrication of the indirect custom impression copings. When the interim restoration is delivered, the patient will feel discomfort as the tissue is displaced. 

Schoenbaum and Han10 described an efficient and accurate direct custom implant impression coping technique to transfer the emergence profile of an implant abutment and pontic site to the definitive cast. However, this technique is limited to restorations supported by 2 implants. A concern has been expressed that the heat generated by the flowable composite resin and its toxicity may damage the gingival tissue.11 The injectable silicone-based gingival mask technique was developed to transfer the peri-implant emergence profile and the gingival margin of the interim restoration to the definitive cast.12

  1. Use an implant-level impression, splinting the impression copings, to fabricate a soft tissue cast (Fig. 1).
  2. Direct the dental laboratory to fabricate an interim restoration replicating the soft tissue profile of the healing abutments (Fig. 2).
  3. Modify the emergence profile and pontic area of the interim restoration with flowable composite resin (Filtek; 3M ESPE) (Fig. 3).
  4. Reappoint the patient after 6 weeks to allow tissue maturation (Fig. 4).
  5. Make an intraoral impression of the maxilla using an irreversible hydrocolloid (Jeltrate; Dentsply Sirona) to record the interim restoration with the gingival margin and soft tissue profile.
  6. Fabricate a vacuum-formed matrix from a clear, hard thermoplastic sheet (Pro-form 0.020 temp splint; Keystone Industries) to cover the gingival tissue and prepare a small hole in the gingival area (Fig. 5).
  7. Remove the interim restoration and replace it on the definitive cast without the original gingival mask (Figs. 6, 7).
  8. Seat the vacuum-formed matrix over the interim restoration on the definitive cast (Fig. 8). 
  9. Inject the gingival mask material (Muller; Omicron GmbH & Co KG) directly around the implant replicas and into the space under the pontics through the hole in the vacuum-formed matrix (Figs. 9-11).
  10. Alternatively, to ensure that there are no air bubbles in the critical areas, the gingival mask material may be injected directly around the abutments and under the pontics before seating the vacuumformed matrix. Then seat the matrix and continue to inject through the hole in the matrix until excess flows out under the matrix.



The injectable gingival mask material can transfer the emergence profile of implant abutments and the pontic site to the definitive cast both accurately and precisely. It is a straightforward technique that saves chairside time and does not require an additional impression. The clinician can modify the emergence profile and mold the papillae to optimize the access for hygiene and esthetics; this is then accurately transferred to the definitive cast.  This technique can be used in different clinical situations, including different implant angulations.

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  9. den Hartog L, Raghoebar GM, Stellingsma K, Meijer HJA. Immediate loading and customized restoration of a single implant in the maxillary esthetic zone: a clinical report. J Prosthet Dent 2009;102:211-5.
  10. Schoenbaum TR, Han TJ. Direct custom implant impression copings for the preservation of the pontic receptor site architecture. J Prosthet Dent 2012;107:203-6.
  11. Tadin A, Marovic D, Galic N, Kovacic I, Zeljezic D. Composite-induced toxicity in human gingival and pulp fibroblast cells. Acta Odontol Scand 2014;72:304-11.
  12. Esguerra RJ. Technique for fabricating a custom gingival mask using a maxillary complete-arch implant-supported fixed interim prosthesis with an integrated verification cast. J Prosthet Dent 2016;115:5-8.
Injectable silicone-based gingival mask technique : Transferring the emergence profile of multiple implant restoration

Dr. Ryan Tak On Tse, BDS

Dr. Ryan Tse is a private practitioner in Hong Kong and he was the graduate of the University of Hong Kong. He received a Bachelor of Dental Surgery from the university of Hong Kong and he obtained a master degree in Clinical Dentistry (Prosthodontics) from University of London and Master ofScience in Implant Dentistry from University of Hong Kong. He completed one-year Clinician Program in Implant Dentistry and Esthetic Dentistry at UCLA in 2006 and 2010 respectively. He is also a graduate of Kois Centre and finished the whole comprehensive curriculum involving aesthetic, occlusion and restorative dentistry. He is one of the instructors in University of Southern California Esthetic Dentistry and Implant training program in China and Hong Kong. He is Vice President of Chinese Academy of Esthetic Dentistry (CAED) and be the chairman of Accreditation board of CAED. He is also the Founder and President of Hong Kong Society of Esthetic Dentistry and Vice President of Hong Kong Society of Implant Dentistry. Currently, he maintains a private practice in Hong Kong and focusing in Implant and Esthetic Dentistry.